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Ransomware Report November 2023 An In-Depth Analysis of the Latest Ransomware Trends and Threat Landscape

Dive into the constantly shifting world of ransomware, as we uncover the latest tactics, dissect the most prolific actors, and offer insights to keep your organization one step ahead.

In November, ransomware groups targeted more than 460 victims, bringing the total number of victims to almost 5,000 for the year. The top three ransomware groups, Lockbit, Play, and AlphV/Black Cat, were responsible for almost 40% of all the attacks.

Our data indicates that both Lockbit and AlphV may have exploited Citrix Bleed vulnerabilities, which is consistent with other reports. High-profile victims such as Boeing, ICBC, and Fidelity National have been affected. AlphV is also known for using social engineering tactics.


Geographic Hotspots of Ransomware

Global Reach: Tracing Ransomware’s Impact Across Nations

Ransomware attacks are a global epidemic, but they disproportionately affect certain regions. The United States consistently tops the chart with the highest number of ransomware victims.

Following the US, UK and Germany are next on the list this month. Wealthy countries are generally favored targets due to their lucrative digital environments. Despite their wealth, some nations see fewer tracks, due to a sense of nationalism from the cybercriminal groups. This suggests the motivations of criminals vary from group to group, with some seeking financial gain and others making political statements.

Ransomware Perpetrators Unmasked

In the complex world of cybercrime, identifyin the culprits is key to understanding and mitigating the threat.

Our data showcases a diverse range of ransomware groups, each with their own unique tactics, techniques, and procedures.
The top three dominating the landscape are Lockbit 3.0, Play, and AlphaVM (BlackCat). Each of these groups has a distinct modus operandi and target preference, painting a picture of a highly specialized and segmented market.

It’s important to remember, however, that while these groups grab the headlines, countless other smaller, yet equally dangerous groups are operating under the radar. By understanding the tactics of these leading groups, organizations can better anticipate potential threats and adapt their defenses accordingly.

Industry Breakdown

The distribution of ransomware attacks across industries highlights the varying degrees of cyber risk exposure.

Not all industries are targeted equally by ransomware groups. Our data shows that Manufacturing, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, and Healthcare and Social Assistance bear the brunt of these attacks. The high value of data and often weaker cybersecurity defenses make these sectors particularly attractive targets. However, no industry is immune, and the ever-evolving nature of ransomware means that staying ahead of the curve is vital for all sectors. By understanding which industries are most targeted, we can infer the sectors that ransomware groups perceive as the most vulnerable or lucrative, helping to direct focus and resources in the ongoing fight against this cyber menace.

Geographical Preferences of Ransomware Groups

The geographical focus of ransomware groups reveals strategic patterns and preferences.

Each ransomware group has a unique footprint in terms of their geographical targets. The data shows that groups like AlphaVM (BlackCat), LockBit 3.0, and Play predominantly target specific regions.

Understanding these patterns can help nations and organizations to better anticipate and prepare for potential threats.

However, it’s critical to remember that cybercrime knows no borders, and organizations in all countries should remain vigilant against these rapidly evolving threats. The diversity in targeting underscores the global nature of the ransomware problem and the need for international cooperation in addressing it.

    Ransomware Strikes: Industry-wide

    Ransomware threats are industry-agnostic, but some sectors attract more attention than others.

    Each ransomware group has a unique pattern of target selection, but some industries find themselves more frequently caught in the crosshairs. Based on our data, Manufacturing, Professional, Scientific and Technical Services, and Healthcare and Social Assistance often emerge as primary targets for ransomware attacks. For instance, one particular ransomware group, Lockbit 3.0, shows a discernible preference for Manufacturing. It’s critical for these industries to understand and anticipate these patterns, preparing robust defenses against potential threats. Remember, forewarned is indeed forearmed.

      Spotlight on Ransomware Indicators

      Ransomware indicators expose exploited vulnerabilities, shaping our understanding of ransomware group tactics.

      Leveraging the data-rich platform of Black Kite, we analyze ransomware indicators to identify common vulnerabilities that ransomware groups exploit. These indicators, including IP addresses, domains, or hashes, have been associated with our list of victims this month.

      By shedding light on MX and DNS misconfiguration, Use of out-of-date services/products with possible vulnerabilities of high exploitability, and Open RDP or SMB ports publicly visible, we highlight the cyber vulnerabilities ransomware groups actively exploit. Recognizing these indicators and taking prompt preventive measures can significantly strengthen an organization’s defenses against ransomware attacks.


      At least one IP address that was part of a botnet, malware propagation, or spam propagation


      Use of out-of-date services/products with possible vulnerabilities of high exploitability


      At least one possible phishing domain


      Open RDP or SMB ports publicly visible


      At least one credential leaked in the last 90 days


      MX and DNS misconfiguration that may allow spoofing and phishing attacks

      Industry-wide RSI Breakdown

      An Analysis of the average RSI values across industries provides a clear picture of industry-specific cyber risks.

      In our continuous monitoring of hundreds of thousands of companies, we’ve computed the average RSI (Ransomware Susceptibility Index values for each industry. These values paint a comprehensive picture of the industry-specific cyber risks that organizations face. In this month’s analysis, Education, Nuclear reactors, materials and waste, and Other show the highest average RSI values. The data suggests that these industries may have heightened exposure to ransomware threats and need to be especially proactive in bolstering their cybersecurity defenses.

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